Early Hand Tools 

The pick and the shovel were two of the earliest tools used by miners. Before mechanization, mules or horses were used in some mines as beasts of burden to carry coal to the surface. However, there is no memory by former elderly miners of animals being used in either of the two McIntyre mines.

Photo courtesy: Eileen Mountjoy Cooper, The Rochester and Pittsburgh Coal Company: The First 
One Hundred Years
(Indiana, Pennsylvania: Rochester and Pittsburgh Coal Company, 1982), 16.


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